Cytogenetic testing examines cells from the bone marrow samples for chromosomes abnormalities and gene mutations.
Chromosome abnormalities or gene mutations tests: Blood or bone marrow may be tested to check for chromosome abnormalities or gene mutations in the leukaemia cells.
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test: This test is used to analyse genetic information and can be performed using a regular blood sample. It involves duplicating small segments of DNA, because large amounts of a sample of DNA are necessary for genetic analyses. It is a fast and inexpensive process.
PCR tests are done throughout the treatment period to monitor response and any changes required to the treatment regimen.